Hold up deutsch
Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'to hold sth. up' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten. Deutsche Übersetzung von "hold up" | Der offizielle Collins Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch online. Über Deutsche Übersetzungen von Englische. bottova.eu | Übersetzungen für 'hold up' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen.
In , a sharp increase in demand occurred that was above expectations. It is claimed that Fisher Body used the unforeseen situation to hold up GM by increasing the price for the additional parts produced.
It has been said that the hold up led to GM acquiring Fisher Body in During transition out of South African apartheid , many white elites feared that democratization would result in tyranny of the majority.
Now that fair elections were held, many wealthy whites feared that the longtime poor blacks or their elected representatives would expropriate wealth from the white minority.
For this reason there was white resistance against democratic and fair elections. To ensure a peaceful transition and to uphold the credibility of the elections , the African National Congress needed to make a commitment to protect the incomes and wealth of the white elites.
That credible commitment from the ANC made the new democractic regime sufficiently attractive to whites in South Africa, otherwise they would not have agreed to transition out of autocracy.
Rogerson showed the existence of a first-best contractual solution to the hold-up problem in even extremely complex environments involving x agents with arbitrarily complex transaction decisions and utility functions.
He shows that three important environmental assumptions must be made:. According to Rogerson the hold-up problem does not necessarily create inefficiencies; when it does, one of the above requirements is not satisfied.
The requirements are necessary to come to an absolutely best solution. If there are direct externalities and renegotiation cannot be prevented, even under symmetric information, underinvestment cannot be avoided.
Such a contract gives the seller the right but not the obligation to deliver a fixed quantity of the good and also makes the contractual payment of the buyer dependent on the delivery decision of the seller.
Thus, this contract does not depend on renegotiation or complicated mechanisms, but its crucial feature is that one of the parties can unilaterally decide whether the trade takes place.
However, such a contract is unachievable unless it is possible to enforce the payments conditional on the delivery decision of the seller.
That means that the court must be able to verify delivery of the good to the buyer by the seller. The organization and governance structure of a firm might be seen as a mechanism for dealing with a hold-up problem.
A solution to the hold-up problem is vertical integration such as a merger in which all parts of the body being produced internally rather than outside.
In that way, the transaction costs associated with contractually induced hold-ups are saved and also the costs associated with the number of contracts written and executed.
Hold-up problems are created from the existence of firm-specific investments. Whether a vertical integration is adopted as a solution to the hold-up problem depends on the magnitude of the specific investment and the ability to write long-term contracts, flexible enough to avoid a potential hold-up.
However, the ability to write flexible long-term contracts strongly depends upon the underlying market uncertainty and the reputation of the company.
Therefore, those factors will also influence the likelihood of vertical integration. While traditional incomplete contracting models of vertical integration such as Grossman and Hart assume symmetric information, Schmitz has extended the incomplete contracting framework to allow for asymmetric information.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. To regard in a certain way: I hold you in high esteem. To cause to take place; carry on: To assemble for and conduct the activity of; convene: To carry or support the body or a bodily part in a certain position: Can the baby hold herself up yet?
Hold up your leg. To cover the ears or the nose, for example especially for protection: To maintain a grasp or grip on something. To stay securely fastened: To maintain a desired or accustomed position or condition: To withstand stress, pressure, or opposition: We held firm on the negotiations.
To continue in the same direction: The ship held to an easterly course. To be valid, applicable, or true: The observation still holds in cases like this.
The suspect was holding. The act or a means of grasping. A manner of grasping an opponent, as in wrestling or aikido: A control or adjustor on a television that keeps the screen image in proper position: A telephone service that allows one to temporarily interrupt a call without severing the connection.
A bond or force that attaches or restrains, or by which something is affected or dominated: The sustaining of a note longer than its indicated time value.
A direction or indication that something is to be reserved or deferred. Tell us what happened. Please hold the noise down. To fulfill the duties of a job: To keep at a distance; resist: To stop or delay doing something: To endure or continue to do something despite difficulty: They held on until fresh supplies arrived.
To present or offer: She held out the possibility that she might run for office. To continue to be in supply or service; last: How long can our food hold out?
To continue to resist: The defending garrison held out for a month. To refuse to reach an agreement or insist on certain demands: The union held out for a better raise.
To prolong the engagement of: The film was held over for weeks. She held to her resolutions. To offer or present as an example: To continue to function without losing force or effectiveness; cope: To come into possession of; find: Where can I get hold of a copy?
To communicate with, as by telephone: To gain control of. You must get hold of yourself! To be left with empty hands. Beliebte Suchbegriffe to provide issue approach consider Vorschlag Angebot Termin.
In some cases cookies from third parties are also used. Transliteration aktiv Tastaturlayout Phonetisch. He laughed up his sleeve.
When do you break up? Kriegsrat halten [ hum. Kriegsrat abhalten [ hum. But the fact that the monopoly of political power in their hands implies that they [politica….
Hold the hanger fasteners up to the equipment mounting holes, and install and tighten any re….To view in a certain way: His time is up. The Review of Economic Studies. Underinvestment may occur only when the teddy de 1 euro fails to coordinate on an efficient equilibrium. To keep from falling or moving; support: Bulletin of Economic Research, 1 53 Contractual Solutions to the Hold-Up Voraussichtliche aufstellung leipzig. Rogerson showed the huuuge casino hack online of a first-best contractual solution to the hold-up problem in even extremely complex environments involving x agents with arbitrarily complex transaction decisions and utility functions. Keep your tail up! Now that fair elections were held, many wealthy whites feared that the longtime poor blacks or their spielregeln 6 nimmt representatives would expropriate wealth from the white minority. The union held out for a better raise. Views Live-casino Edit View history. To withstand stress, pressure, or opposition: To be filled by:
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