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The main aim of the CAQI was to have an index that would encourage wide comparison across the EU, without replacing local indices.
CiteairII stated that the "main goal of the CAQI is not to warn people for possible adverse health effects of poor air quality but to attract their attention to urban air pollution and its main source traffic and help them decrease their exposure.
The CAQI is a number on a scale from 1 to , where a low value means good air quality and a high value means bad air quality. The index is defined in both hourly and daily versions, and separately near roads a "roadside" or "traffic" index or away from roads a "background" index.
It also included optional pollutants PM 2. A "sub-index" is calculated for each of the mandatory and optional if available components.
The CAQI is defined as the sub-index that represents the worst quality among those components. Frequently updated CAQI values and maps are shown on the www.
This AQI is divided into six categories indicating increasing levels of health concern. An AQI value over represents hazardous air quality and below 50 the air quality is good.
The Air Quality Index is adjusted periodically to reflect these changes. The air quality index is a piecewise linear function of the pollutant concentration.
To convert from concentration to AQI this equation is used: Suppose a monitor records a hour average fine particle PM 2.
The equation above results in an AQI of:. If multiple pollutants are measured at a monitoring site, then the largest or "dominant" AQI value is reported for the location.
AQI values of or greater are calculated with hour SO 2 concentrations. Real-time monitoring data from continuous monitors are typically available as 1-hour averages.
However, computation of the AQI for some pollutants requires averaging over multiple hours of data. For example, calculation of the ozone AQI requires computation of an 8-hour average and computation of the PM 2.
To accurately reflect the current air quality, the multi-hour average used for the AQI computation should be centered on the current time, but as concentrations of future hours are unknown and are difficult to estimate accurately, EPA uses surrogate concentrations to estimate these multi-hour averages.
For reporting the PM 2. The Nowcast is a particular type of weighted average that provides more weight to the most recent air quality data when air pollution levels are changing.
The AQI made its debut in , when the National Air Pollution Control Administration undertook an initiative to develop an air quality index and to apply the methodology to Metropolitan Statistical Areas.
The impetus was to draw public attention to the issue of air pollution and indirectly push responsible local public officials to take action to control sources of pollution and enhance air quality within their jurisdictions.
Jack Fensterstock, the head of the National Inventory of Air Pollution Emissions and Control Branch, was tasked to lead the development of the methodology and to compile the air quality and emissions data necessary to test and calibrate resultant indices.
The initial iteration of the air quality index used standardized ambient pollutant concentrations to yield individual pollutant indices.
These indices were then weighted and summed to form a single total air quality index. The overall methodology could use concentrations that are taken from ambient monitoring data or are predicted by means of a diffusion model.
The concentrations were then converted into a standard statistical distribution with a preset mean and standard deviation.
The resultant individual pollutant indices are assumed to be equally weighted, although values other than unity can be used. Likewise, the index can incorporate any number of pollutants although it was only used to combine SOx, CO, and TSP because of a lack of available data for other pollutants.
While the methodology was designed to be robust, the practical application for all metropolitan areas proved to be inconsistent due to the paucity of ambient air quality monitoring data, lack of agreement on weighting factors, and non-uniformity of air quality standards across geographical and political boundaries.
Despite these issues, the publication of lists ranking metropolitan areas achieved the public policy objectives and led to the future development of improved indices and their routine application.
Some of the following websites display actively updated air quality index maps; others are archived versions of inactive websites:.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Air Quality Index. Air Quality Health Index Canada.
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Consider reducing or rescheduling strenuous activities outdoors if you are experiencing symptoms. No need to modify your usual outdoor activities unless you experience symptoms such as coughing and throat irritation.
Reduce or reschedule strenuous activities outdoors. Children and the elderly should also take it easy. Consider reducing or rescheduling strenuous activities outdoors if you experience symptoms such as coughing and throat irritation.
Avoid strenuous activities outdoors. Children and the elderly should also avoid outdoor physical exertion. Reduce or reschedule strenuous activities outdoors, especially if you experience symptoms such as coughing and throat irritation.
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